Knee replacement surgery refers to an orthopedic procedure in which the knee joint is either partially or completely replaced with a prosthetic. It is done to help patients who suffer from pain or disability of the knee joint. Many people who find themselves unable to walk, run, jump, or complete other day-to-day activities can benefit greatly from knee replacement surgery.
Reasons for Knee Replacement Surgery
Patients come to us with a variety of different knee problems. The most common cause of knee pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis are the three types of arthritis that generally create the kinds of problems that lead patients to seek out knee replacement surgery.
Osteoarthritis is a condition that comes from the degeneration of cartilage in the knee due to the wear and tear of age. As the cartilage breaks down, the bones of the knee rub on each other, resulting in pain, swelling, and other problems. While some younger people experience osteoarthritis, most who develop the condition are older adults.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition in which the immune system causes chronic inflammation. This inflammation leads to a breakdown of the cartilage in the knee. Post-traumatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that comes from a traumatic injury such as a car accident.
Types of Knee Replacement Surgery
The two main types of knee replacement surgery are known as total knee replacement and partial knee replacement. Total knee replacement is a procedure that removes the entire knee joint and replaces it with a prosthetic. Partial knee replacement is a procedure that removes part of the knee and replaces it with a prosthetic.
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